About Indore

The history of Indore is a tale of strife between the Mughals, Marathas and the British who were struggling to gain dominance of central India. Indore is located in a region called Malwa in central India. According to the records, it was one Rao Nandlal Chaudhary who founded the city of Indore.

He was the chief landlord or Zamindar and had at his disposal, an army of two thousand men. During the years when the Mughal power was waning, the Nizam of Hyderabad received the rights of tax collection for this region. This resulted in the renewal of hostilities.

On his visit to the Indreshwar temple on the banks of the river Saraswati, he found the location to be safe and protected by natural barriers on all sides. He founded the city of Indrapur and built a fort there. The name Indore is a mutation of Indrapur.


Since then, the Marathas came into power. But they lost the third Battle of Panipath to Ahmad Shah Abdali, an Afghan invader. After that, they became powerless to resist the British and had to sue for peace. Under these terms, the Holkars became the rulers of Indore.

Maharaja Malhar Rao Holkar was the founder of the Holkar dynasty. He was one of the greatest statesmen an warrior of his times. Indore remained as a part of the Holkar princedom during the British Raj. During the independence of India, it joined with a number of neighbouring princely states and became a part of Madhya Bharat. The latter was merged into Madhya Pradesh on November 1, 1956.

Situated on one of India's oldest pilgrimage routes from Mahakaal at Ujjain on river Kshipra, to Omkareshwar on the river Narmada and onwards to Rameshwaram, Indore was a convinient resting place.


It was on the route of the Marathas of Deccan on their way to North India. These Maratha guerilla warriors were in constant battle with the Mughal empire. Their army transit camps here attracted the local Zamindars (landlords) who, drawn by the promise of lucrative trade, settled in the villages on the confluence of the Khan and Saraswati rivers, thereby laying the foundation of this commerce centre in 1715. In 1741, temple of Indreshwar was erected in the town, from which it derives the name Indore.

The trade centre grew rapidly under the Holkar dynasty (1733-1818). The remains of their two century old palace still stand in the main square (called Rajwada). The city became the capital of the Indore princely state in 1818 after the British forces under Sir John Malcolm defeated the Holkars led by Rani Krishnabai Holkar at Mahidpur. She signed the treaty of Mandsaur by which the control of Indore went in the hand of the East India Company. Between 1948 and 1956, Indore served as the summer capital of the former Madhya Bharat state. Currently, it is the commercial capital of M.P.


Climate

Due to its location in Central India (approx.76o E, 23o N) , far from the sea, Indore has a moderately extreme climate.

Winter: In winter(November to February), the night low is around 10oC.At the peak of winter, it can be as low as low as 2 to 3oC. The record low is +1.5oC. Summer: During summer (April-June) the days are hot (35-40oC) with the peak summer (May) day temperature sometimes touching 45c. However , unlike other places in central India, the summer nights in Indore are something special. Due to its location on the southern edge of the Malwa Plateau, however hot it may be during the day, in the late evening, cool breeze starts which makes the evenings quite pleasant, referred to as Shab-e-Malwa.

Rainfall: Indore gets moderate rainfall of 30-35 inches (~80cms) during July-September due to S. W. Monsoon.

Shopping Area

Indore is known as "The Commercial Capital" of the state. Trade & Commerce at Indore has a close resemblence with Mumbai. Being well connected to Mumbai by Rail/Road/Air every business trend be it new fashion , technology or just the business culture, comes in very fast to Indore. Hence sometimes also called "Mini-Bombay".Apart from having big shops & showrooms of all the national & international brands (Company outlets), a big cloth market industry has flourished at Indore. Indore is also known for its leather toys and Maheshwari & Chanderi are some very interesting ornate sarees and brocades to offer. There is a lot of zari work coming out of Madhya Pradesh, and the Maheshwari sarees have particularly gained in popularity of late. Besides the fabrics, there is a variety of local carving crafts to choose from. For shopping in Indore there are main places as under.

Indore is known as "The Commercial Capital" of the state. Trade & Commerce at Indore has a close resemblence with Mumbai. Being well connected to Mumbai by Rail/Road/Air every business trend be it new fashion , technology or just the business culture, comes in very fast to Indore. Hence sometimes also called "Mini-Bombay".Apart from having big shops & showrooms of all the national & international brands (Company outlets), a big cloth market industry has flourished at Indore. Indore is also known for its leather toys and Maheshwari & Chanderi are some very interesting ornate sarees and brocades to offer. There is a lot of zari work coming out of Madhya Pradesh, and the Maheshwari sarees have particularly gained in popularity of late. Besides the fabrics, there is a variety of local carving crafts to choose from. For shopping in Indore there are main places as under.


Indore Specialities not to be Misses :

Ajab Gajab Foods Indore Famous Bakery Shop

Namkeen : Ajab Gajab Foods offering our delicious variety of Namkeen. Made by highly expert cooks, his Namkeen has delectable taste. Provided under the brand name of Ajab Gajab Foods, Ajab Gajab Foods Namkeen is prepared under highly hygienic conditions and there are wide range of Namkeen, Toast and cookies Products.


Nearby Attraction

Lal Bagh Palace Lag Bagh is a grand monument that reflects the royal taste and lifestyle of the Holkar dynasty. The palace was built under the leadership of Tukoji Rao Holkar. Covering an area of about 28 hectares, the Palace was one known for its incredible rose garden. Lal Bagh Palace is now the residence of Usha Raje, the descendents of Holkars.


Town Hall

Built in 1904, its name was changed from King Edwards Hall to Mahatama Gandhi Hall in 1948. The hall has an Indo-Gothic architectural style. Made in Seoni stone, the high domes of the hall have become the major landmarks of Indore. It is locally referred as Ghanta Ghar due to its four-faced clock tower standing in the front of it.


BadaGanpati

The temple dedicated to Lord Ganesha was created because of the dream of an Avantika (Ujjain) resident, Shri Dadhich. Built in 1875, it houses the largest Ganesh idol measuring 25 feet from crown to feet. It is perhaps the largest statue of Lord Ganesha in the world.


Kanch Tample

The beautiful Kanch Mandir is truly an architectural marvel of Glass. The "Cotton King" Sir Hukamchand Seth built it in the early 20th century. The walls, floors, pillars and doorknobs of the temple are entirely inlaid by glass. The temple walls are adorned with colored glass paintings that depict the stories of Jain Tirthankaras. At the top is a unique glass chamber that multiplies the three statues of Lord Mahavira installed there into an infinite number.


Central Museum

The Central Museum of Indore was established in 1949.houses the finest collections of Parmar sculptures from Hinglajgarh, paintings, coins, porcelain objects, metal and ivory toys and artifacts, woodcarvings and the beautiful handicrafts.


Annapurna Tample

Inspired by the marvelous architecture of Meenakshi temple of Madurai, Annapurna temple is dedicated to Annapurna Mata, the Goddess of Food. Four Gigantic sculptors of Elephants hold an exqusitly decorated gate of the temple. The outer walls of the temple are donned with colorful pictures illustrating various mythological stories.


Khajrana Tample

Built during the reign of Ahilya Bai Holkar, the temple is dedicated to lord Ganesha. People have great faith in this temple and believed that all wishes are fulfilled by praying here.


How to Get There

By Air: Indore is connected with all Domestic Airport.
By Rail: Indore is on the Western railway and is connected with major cities across the country.
By Road: Indore is connected by bus with major cities across the country.